Analogy Reasoning Question and Answer:-
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Analogy:- In questions based on analogy, a particular relationship is given and another similar relationship has to be identified from the alternatives provided.
Ex. 1. Newspaper : Press : : Cloth : ?
(a) Tailor (6) Textile ‘ (c) Fibre (d) Factory (e) Mill
Sol. Just as newspaper is prepared in a press, cloth is manufactured in the mill. So, the answer is (e).
Ex. 2. Bombay : Maharashtra : : Trivandrum : ?
(a) Calcutta (6) Gtgarat (c) Rajasthan (d) Kerala (e) Sikkim
Sol. Bombay is the capital of Maharashtra. Similarly, Trivandrum is the capital of Kerala. So, the answer is (d).
Ex. 3. Vigilant : Alert : : Viable : ?
(a) Active (b) Gentle (c) Hopeless (d) Feasible (e) Useful
Sol. ‘Alert’ is the synonym of ‘Vigilant’. Similarly, the synonym of ‘Viable’ is
“Feasible9. So. the answer is (d).
Ex. 4. Doctor : Nurse :: ? : Follower (Bank P.O. 1996)
(a) Employer (6) Leader (c) Worker (d) Manager (e) Union
Sol. Just as a nurse follows the doctor’s instructions, so also a follower works as directed by the leader. So, the answer is (6).
Ex. 5. Cattle : Herd :: Sheep : ?
(a) Flock (6) Swarm (c) Crowd (d) Shoal (e) Mob
Sol. Herd is a group of cattle. Similarly, flock is a collection of sheep. So, the answer is (a).
Directions : There is a certain relation between two given words on one nide of: : and one word is given on another side of: : while another word is to be found from the given alternatives, having the same relation with this t word as the given pair has. Select the best alternative
I. Dog : Rabies : : Mosquito 2 ?
(a) Plague (b) Death (c) Malaria (d) Sting
Ans C The bite of the first causes the second.
2. Man : Biography : : Nation : ? (CJLT. 1996)
(a) Leader (b) People (c) Geography (rf) History
Ans D:- Second contains the story of the first
3. Doctor : Diagnosis : : Judge : ?
(a) Court (b) Punishment (c) Lawyer (d) Judgement
Ans D:- The (unction of a doctor is to diagnose a disease and that of a judge is to give judgement.
4. Horse : Jockey :: Car : ?
(a) Mechanic (b) Chauffeur (c) Steering ((d) Brake
Ans B:- Horse is driven by a jockey. Similarly, car is driven by a chauffeur.
5. Fog : Visibility : : AIDS : ? (C.B.I. 1996)
(a) Health (b) Resistance (c) Virus (d) Death
Ans A:- First impairs the second.
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